What is Migraine? | With or Without aura

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Migraine is a severe condition in which the patient feels intense pain in the head. An extreme pain developed by migraine can last for hours to days. For people, it may feel like throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation. Migraine usually affects one side of the head.

Symptoms of migraine

Symptoms of Migraine

Symptoms of migraine can start before starting a headache. These symptoms remain during and after the headache. The common migraine symptoms include:

  • Mild to severe pain
  • Throbbing
  • Pulsing pain
  • Increase in pain during physical activity
  • Inability to perform tasks due to the pain
  • Physical sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Increased sensitivity to sound

In this type of pain, people feel relief in dark and quiet rooms. Furthermore, the patient can experience other symptoms such as stomach ache, temperature changes, sweating, and diarrhea.

Types of migraine

In general, there are two types of migraine. In the first type of pain, the individuals feel the disturbance of the senses. This condition is known as auras.

Migraine with aura

According to a survey, in most cases, we have seen that aura act as a warning sign of severe headache in term of migraine. These severe warning signs can include:

  • Confusions
  • Zigzag lines in the visual fields
  • Blind spots
  • Blank patches in the vision
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Unpleasant smelling
  • Stiffness in the shoulders and neck

When migraine with effects of aura affects vision, the patient might see various things that don’t exist. The patient may see transparent strings of objects.

Migraine without aura

Migraine without aura is more common than with aura. According to a survey, 70% to 90% of patients never experience sensory disturbance.


According to research, there is not a single and primary cure for the migraine. Lifestyle changes can also work as a treatment for pain. However, these treatments are necessary to prevent a full-blown attack.
Common lifestyle changes that can help reduce the frequency of migraine include:

  • Getting enough sleep
  • Reducing stress
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Avoiding certain foods
  • Regular physical exercises


Medication can also help to minimize the effects of migraine. In this condition, painkillers are widely used to reduce the pain. The doctor says that painkillers should be used in the early period of migraine rather than you allow it to develop a severe headache.

OTC (Over-the-counter) medications are effective to treat migraine pain. These medicines include:

  • Naproxen
  • Acetaminophen
  • Ibuprofen

Facts on migraines

Some of the people who experience migraines can identify it in the early stages.
People may also have warning signs of migraine before starting a headache Many patients can reduce the effects of migraines and can prevent full-blown attack by acting upon the warning signs.
Painkillers, along with special medications, can be used to reduce the pain.

Risk Factors

Various risk factors can make you more prone to having a migraine, such as:

  • Sex – Men are less sensitive. Therefore, women are three times more likely to have a migraine.
  • Age – Migraine can develop or begin at any age.
  • Family History – If your family experiences migraines, then the chances are high that you too will have a migraine.

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