What is Knee Pain? | Symptoms and Treatments

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knee pain

The knee is one of the most significant joint n our body. Due to the structure of the knee, it’s very likely to get knee injuries. The human knee has a complex structure, made up of bones, joints, ligaments and tendons. Any damage to one of this component can cause intense pain and movement issues. Besides injuries, some diseases can also cause pain in the knees. The various diseases can develop or contribute to knee pain.

Symptoms of knee pain

knee pain

Knee pain has various manifestations. These symptoms include:

  • Redness
  • Weakness
  • Crunching noise
  • Popping noise
  • Inability to straighten the leg

What are the Primary causes of knee pain?

Injuries

An injury to the knee can cause severe pain and bruises. A knee injury can also damage the tendon, ligaments or only the knee joint. Some common knee injuries include:

Knee bursitis – Sometimes injuries to the knee can cause damage and inflammation to the liquid-filled between the ligament and tendons. This liquid is usually known as bursae. The bursae decrease the friction between the tendons and ligaments.

Fracture – Various types of accidents can cause knee fractures. Especially when you are riding a motorbike, you are more likely to suffer from knee injuries on accident. Some people also have bone disease” Osteoporosis”. In this condition, their bones get weaker and can break due to a minor compression.

Patellar tendinitis – In this condition, the patient experiences inflammation and irritation in the tendon. This condition can occur due to the repetitive motion of the joint.

Arthritis

Arthritis is a bone disease and can affect severely. Some common types of arthritis include:

Osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. This disease can cause weaker bone and joints. This condition may develop over the age. Therefore, people of older age are more likely to get a bone fracture.

Rheumatoid arthritis – Rheumatoid arthritis is not much common like osteoarthritis. This is a chronic disease and can cause severe pain and disability.

Knee Inflammation

Inflammation in the component of the knee is a common problem. Overuse of the knee can inflame the components of the knee. This redness and swelling in the knee can be mild to severe according to the condition.

Risk Factors

Various factors can develop or contribute to knee pain. Some of these risk factors are:

  • Excess weight
  • Overuse
  • Age
  • Trauma
  • Physical exercise
  • Previous injuries

Diagnosis

To diagnose knee pain, the doctor may recommend laboratory tests and screen scans. To know your medical history, the doctor may ask for the previous medical record. For further diagnosis, the doctor may recommend X-ray, CT scan or M.R.I. Scan.

Treatment of Knee Pain

Mild to moderate knee pain can be treated at home. In-home remedies, the R.I.C.E. method is top of the list.

compression
  • Rest – This is the first step of knee treatment. You should complete bed rest to reduce the swelling and inflammation in the knee.
  • Ice – To reduce the swelling, you can use ice. Put a pack of ice in a towel and apply of the affected area.
  • Compression – You can compress the affected area of the knee to reduce the inflammation. You can use a compression bandage to do so. Don’t tie it too firmly; this will cut off the blood flow to the lower leg.
  • Elevation – Elevation to the affected area can help you to reduce the extra blood flow to the leg.

Furthermore, the treatment of knees depends on the type and cause of knee pain. Knee pain treatment may also vary from person to person. In medication, you can use NSAID (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) or Opioid. These medications relax your muscles and produce calming effects.

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