Hypertension, Its Sign And Symptoms And Causes

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Hypertension, Its Sign And Symptoms And Causes

High blood pressure may be a common condition in which the long-term drive of the blood against the walls of blood vessels increases. And this eventually leads to complete or partial blockage of blood to heart or to any heart disease. Blood pressure is decided both by the sum of blood pumped from heart and the sum of resistance offered to the blood flowing in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the smaller your supply routes, the higher your blood weight. High blood pressure for the most part develops over a long time or years, and it affects anybody but can be identified easily and at an early stages. And once if someone experiences high blood pressure take help from your primary care physician to control it as early as possible. 

Hypertension can sometimes exist without giving any sign and symptoms but still it can damage the blood vessels supplying heart and brain. An uncontrolled rise in blood pressure can cause stroke and heart attack. Hypertension can not only damage the vessels of supplying heart and brain but others well. It can cause diseases like Disfunzione erettile (erectile dysfunction), aneurysm and dementia.

Sign And Symptoms Of Hypertension

Its sign and symptoms depend upon its causes. And these causes vary from person to person and so are its sign and symptoms. They include

  • Headache
  • Bleeding from nose
  • Fatigue and feeling of tiredness
  • Pain in chest
  • Irregularity in heartbeat
  • Blood in urine
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Problem in vision
  • Confusion and nervousness
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Blood spots in eyes

These sign and symptoms are observed in all hypertension patients but not all of them are present in one patient. They can be managed with the help of medications and with the help of some life style modifications.

Causes of Hypertension

A few of the common causes of hypertension are

  • Physical inactivity

Lack of activity increases the chance of fat accumulation. And when the amount of fat increases in blood vessels it starts to accumulate in their blood and it not only affects the circulation of blood but also increases the chance of hypertension in them. Therefore, physical inactivity is considered as one of the biggest cause of hypertension.

  • Age

As soon as the age increases the elasticity of blood vessels decreases. Decrease in elasticity increases the chance of blockage or slowness in the flow of blood. Age is biggest contributor in hypertension. Although, we cannot put a stop on age by any means but its complications can be managed somehow. It is possible by taking some precautionary measure and by taking some healthy steps towards life.

  • Obesity

When obesity takes over it makes everything difficulty. Being overweight means being under the burden of your fat, fat decreases the rate of activity and also the rate of blood flow. It increases the chance of clotting and due to clotting hypertension may occur.

  • Stress

Stress is a medical condition in which the patient feels pressure on his mind and complains about headache. Constant pain in head increases pressure of blood in arteries and in severe cases it can cause hypertension and may get worse with increasing pain and headache.

  • High cholesterol level

High levels of cholesterol can affect the normal blood flow of arteries. It can cause fluctuation in the blood flow. The uncontrolled rise and fall in the blood flow is a sign for hypertension.

  • Use of birth control pills

According to UK Pharmacy Meds birth control pills come with a lot of side effects. And hypertension is one of them. Birth control pills can cause a rise in the blood flow and this can cause a complete or partial blockage of blood causing rupturing of arteries.


Hypertension can be prevented taking following measures

  • Low intake of salt can prevent the blocking of arteries by balancing the flow of blood. Balance diet with low salt is the best way of preventing hypertension.
  • Losing weight and avoiding the intake of too much fat helps you in controlling obesity and its risk factors.
  • Lowering the intake of alcohol or bringing it to an end prevents the overflow of blood and controls its rate by keeping the blood flow normal.
  • Smoking is the biggest cause of hypertension and if smoking is controlled then issues of hypertension are also under control.
  • Doing physical activity on regular basis and keeping yourself healthy is one of the best ways to prevent you from diseases like hypertension.

Food, medicines, and lifestyle changes are the causes of hypertension. If they are kept under controlled and are managed properly then it is easy to tackle with hypertension. And if the situation gets worse seek help from your doctor.

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