Antidepressants And Its Sexual Side Effects

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Antidepressants And Its Sexual Side Effects

Antidepressants are group of medications used to treat mental disorders. They correct the chemical imbalance in brain and helps in improving the mental well being of a patient. They are mostly used to treat conditions like depression, anxiety, stress and other disorders of brain. They improve mood swings and abnormal behaviors by balancing the release of neurotransmitters.

Antidepressants elevates mood by relaxing brain cells and by reducing emotions of anger. They also help the patients in getting rid of suicidal thoughts and help them in coping restlessness and other symptoms of depression. Antidepressants are classified into three main types. And each type consists of a group of medications used to treat different mental disorders.

Antidepressants are classified into

Serotonin and noradrenalin reuptake inhibitors

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Different antidepressants are used in treating different purposes. Following are the common antidepressants used to treat depression and anxiety.

Mirtazapine is used to treat depression. It causes drowsiness and used to relax brain. They are taken before bedtime.

Bupropion it can help in treating anxiety and have fewer side effects than other antidepressants.

Viibryd is common antidepressants used to overcome stress.

Other common antidepressants are

  • Citlaopram
  • Paroxetine
  • Venalafaxine
  • Prozac

Side effects of Antidepressants

Along with benefits and uses antidepressants have some serious side effects. They can be either physical or mental. A constant use of antidepressants can evoke suicidal thoughts among the patients. When it comes to physical side effects sexual side effects are the most prominent and they can get worse if remained untreated.

A list of side effects for antidepressants is

  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Dry mouth
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Irritability

Why do antidepressants show sexual side effects?

Antidepressants relaxes mind and overall increases calm by increasing the level of serotonin in body. But this increase in the level of serotonin causes a decrease in the level of libido which in turn imbalances the level of testosterone and other hormones. Testosterone is the main hormone that carries signals to brain for sexual stimulation and if an imbalance of testosterone takes place it becomes difficult to carry out sexual activity. Therefore, antidepressants slow down the sex drive and causes sexual dysfunction in people using them.

Sexual side effects in females

A few of the common sexual side effects of antidepressants observed in females are

Loss of orgasm:

Due to low level of libido females feels difficulty in sexual stimulation. They complained about little or complete loss of orgasm.

Lack of desire:

Constant use of antidepressants elevates mood swings and the patient is unable to feel things normally. Lack of desire for sexual intercourse is the most common of all the mood swings.

Discomfort:

In some cases patient gets the stimulation for sexual activity but they feel problem in doing it or complains about discomfort.

Birth defects:

Antidepressants can be very harmful during pregnancy because they increase its complications and some cases it becomes difficult to achieve pregnancy. And there is chance that antidepressants can cause some defects in birth and it’s important to talk to doctor if you are pregnant or about to achieve pregnancy to avoid any birth defect.

Sexual side effects in males

In males antidepressants decreases the level of libido as well. Due to which they have also have some side effects from using antidepressants. They include

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is disorder in males in which they are unable to achieve erection and if by chance they achieve they are unable to keep it firm for long enough.

Loss of sexual desire

Due to difficulty in achieving stimulation because of decreased level libido patients complains about loss of desire.

Sexual dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction is a condition in which the patient is unable to meet his sex desires. They feel difficulty either in stimulation or in carrying out sexual activity.

How to reduce side effects?

These side effects affecting the relationship of a male and female can be treated with following ways.

Medications

Erectile dysfunction and other sexual diseases in males can be treated with the help of erection pills. Doctors recommend them to use Sildenafil or another erection pill. They improve the blood flow in the arteries supplying the sexual organs. People also buy sildenafil online from UK Pharmacy Meds for achieving erection or dealing with problems occurring in achieving it.

Counseling

Seeking help from doctor or a counselor can also help in dealing with side effects. Mental relaxation is one of the biggest factors which can be very useful in reducing these side effects.

Physical activity

Exercise and physical activity not only improves the mental condition of a person but also helps in improving the physical activities. It prevents from complications of erectile dysfunction by improving the blood flow and removing restriction coming in the way of blood flow.

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